Wire Arc Additive Manufacturing (WAAM) is an additive manufacturing process that uses an electric arc to melt and deposit metal wire layer-by-layer to create 3D objects. The wire is fed into a welding torch where it is melted by an electric arc and deposited onto a substrate or previous layers to build up the desired object.
- Aerospace components, such as structural parts, engine components, and landing gear
- Shipbuilding, for manufacturing large-scale metal structures such as ship hulls and propellers
- Automotive components, including engine parts, exhaust systems, and suspension components
- Large-scale metal structures, such as bridges, frames, and offshore structures
- High deposition rates, allowing for faster production compared to other additive manufacturing technologies
- Cost-effectiveness, as WAAM can use relatively inexpensive wire feedstock and requires minimal post-processing
- Ability to work with a wide range of metals, including aluminum, steel, titanium, and nickel-based alloys
- Surface finish may not be as smooth compared to other additive manufacturing technologies, which may require additional post-processing for desired surface quality
- Accuracy and complexity limitations, as WAAM may have limitations in achieving high levels of precision and complex geometries
- May require additional post-processing, such as machining or heat treatment, for optimal material properties and performance.