In Fused Deposition Modelling (FDM), the 3D printer reads the digital design file and then moves the extruder along the X, Y, and Z-axes to lay down the material layer by layer. The material is heated until it melts, and then it is deposited through a nozzle in thin layers. The material solidifies quickly as it cools down, forming a strong bond between layers. The process continues until the object is complete. FDM is widely used due to its simplicity, accuracy, and cost-effectiveness.
- Prototyping: creation of physical models and prototypes for design validation
- Manufacturing tooling: production of fixtures, jigs, and molds for manufacturing processes
- End-use parts: creation of custom parts and low-volume production runs
- Education: creation of educational models and tools for teaching and learning purposes
- Art and design: creation of sculptures, models, and other artistic pieces
- Aerospace and automotive: production of components for unmanned aerial vehicles, drones, and automotive parts.
- Affordable and accessible technology, making it widely available to consumers and small businesses
- Wide range of materials to choose from, including low-cost plastics and engineering-grade materials
- Ability to print large parts and multiple parts simultaneously
- Easy to use and operate, requiring minimal training and expertise
- Capable of producing parts with high strength and durability
- Limited resolution compared to some other 3D printing technologies
- Layer lines and surface roughness may require additional post-processing
- Parts may have visible imperfections and inconsistencies
- Limited ability to create intricate, detailed parts
- Parts may be prone to warping and shrinkage, requiring additional support structures.